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Selected Resources and Literature related to "Advanced African Free and Open Source Software Business Models"

Selected Resources and Literature related to "Advanced African Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) Business Models"

This wiki serves as a tool to collect selected resources such as literature, articles, course material, videos, other references etc. which are linked to the theme of Advanced African FOSS Business Models. As a living document, it complements the references made in the course material of ict@innovation: Free your IT-Business in Africa! Advanced Training Material on African "Free and Open Source Software" (FOSS) Business Models for IT-SMEs.

We invite everyone to add resources below. If you need more information on how to contribute to this page, please see the "how to contribute" page.

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1) Resources on FOSS Business Models in Developing countries

--> Linked to Module 2 of the training material: "African Business Models: Case Studies"

--> also linked to Module 1: Introduction to Emerging FOSS Business Models

and Module 5: FOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills


*** FOSS Business Models for Developing Countries in Asia (IOSN White paper): Rahul De gives an overview of FOSS and its possible use for application in business as well as different business models that emerge from it. The Indian based author focuses his introduction on Business Models in Asia and explains "Strategies for FOSS Market Segments" in developing countries. Link to IOSN White paper

*** Good to Great FOSS: Learnings from Africa (Workshop paper): Gunn, Allen 2008: Good to Great FOSS: Learnings from Africa, IDRC: In this article, Allen Gunn of Aspiration describes the challenges and opportunities for the expansion of the use of FOSS in Africa. His chapter on Business Models describes the findings of a workshop in Kenya in 2007. Link to IOSN White paper

*** Solomon Negash, Michelle S. Carter, Charlie C. Chen, Marlene V. Wilcox (2007): Open Source Software for economically developing countries: A Free IT Solution for Success? In: Proceedings of the 2007 Southern Association for Information Systems Conference. ONline at http://sais.aisnet.org/2007/SAIS07-42%20Negash-et-al.pdf (retrieved on 23.09.2010)

*** Victor van Reijswoud / Arjan de Jager (2008): Free and Open Source Software for development. Online at: http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0808/0808.3717.pdf

*** Jolliffe Bob (2006). Aligning the ideals of free software and free knowledge with the South African Freedom Charter (Article). Firstmonday, Volume 11, Number 7 — 3 July. available at: http://outreach.lib.uic.edu/www/issues/issue11_7/jolliffe/index.html)

*** Sasikumar, M., Aparan, R., Naveen, K., Rajendra, M. (2005). Free/Open Source Software. Guide to Localisation (Guidebook). International Open Source Network. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, CDAC Kharghar Mumbai, Maharashtra 400614. Available at: http://www.iosn.net/l10n/l10n-howto-toolkit/guide.pdf

*** Jean-Eric Aubert, (2004). PROMOTING INNOVATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK (Article). Available at:http://siteresources.worldbank.org/KFDLP/Resources/0-3097AubertPaper%5B1

Sanjiva Weerawarana and Jivaka Weeratunge, (2003). Open Source in Developing Countries. Published by Sida. Available at http://www.it-inwent.org/e2484/e3407/e3431/e3432/opensource_in_developin

***  Heeks, Richard 2008: Researching ICT-Based Enterprise in Development Countries: analytical tools and models, in: Development Informatics, Development Informatics Group: This text provides several analytical frameworks for studying ICT Business in developing countries. It aims to give researchers and entrepeneurs a conceptual business view on ICT companies operating in developmental countries. The topics decribed are not specific for FOSS, but put FOSS business models in a business developmental context. Link to the publication

*** Article by Coley Zephenia (2010): Alternative software: A rising force in the technology industry. Available at http://www.systemiclogic.net/modules/news/article.php?storyid=83

* Compilation of FOSS Business Models Materials by it@InWEnt:
This compilation provides an overview of InWEnt's main capacity building programmes and trainings in the area of "FOSS Business Models and Sustainable Development" + interesting selection of external training material and information. Available at http://www.it-inwent.org/e2484/e3407/index_eng.html

* See also the following parts of the trainig material ict@innovation: Free your IT Business in Africa!: Module 2:  African Business Models: Case Studies" , Module 1: Introduction to Emerging FOSS Business Models, and Module 5: FOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills

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2) Resources on FOSS Business Models in General

--> linked to Module 1: Introduction to Emerging FOSS Business Models

and Module 5: FOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills

*** FOSS Case Studies at Wikieducator ***

Hosted at: http://wikieducator.org/Free_Software_Case_Studies

*** Free Technology Academy (2009): Economic aspect and business models of free software

The course book its focused on the study of Free Software in relation with the private sector and related economic aspects. We analyse the software industry from an economic perspective: how it was affected by software licensed under free conditions and what is its potential for the future. On the other hand, we study how to use Free Software in the private sector, from a development view but also in implementation and migration.

Online here: http://ftacademy.org/materials/fsm/5

***  Sowe, S. K., Stamelos, I. G., Samoladas, I. (Eds.) Emerging Free and Open Source Software Practices. IGI Publishing, May, 2007. 3. Raymond, E.S. 1999. The Cathedral and the Bazaar. O'Reilly Media, Inc.Available at http: / /fosstoolkit.iosnasean.net/index.php?title=6._FLOSS-based_business_models http://eu.conecta.it/paper / >http://oss.org.cn/2007-OSS-CONF/09.pdf http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/oreilly/opensource/news/myths_1199.html

*** T. O'reilly (1999). 10 Myths about Open Source Software. Available at http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/oreilly/opensource/news/myths_1199.html

**** O'Reilly discusses Open Source Business Models. Available at http://www.eclipsecon.org/2005/presentations/EclipseCon2005_Tim_OReilly.pdf

***Chris DiBona and Sam Ockman. 1999. Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution. O'Reilly Media, Inc.

*** Daffara, C. (2007) : "Business models in FOSS-based companies". Available at http: / /fosstoolkit.iosnasean.net/index.php?title=6._FLOSS-based_business_models

*** Daffara, C. Barahona, J.B. et al. (2000) Free Software/Open Source: Information Society Opportunities for Europe? Working paper. Available at http://eu.conecta.it/paper/

*** Albos, A.; Bru, L.; FernA!ndez, I.; (2009). Aspectos economicos y modelos de negocio del software libre. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.

*** Larry Augustin (2007). A New Breed of P&L: the Open Source Business Financial Model. Available at http://oss.org.cn/2007-OSS-CONF/09.pdf

*** Online- Compilation of Case Studies of Open Source in schools

A UK based site: http://opensourceschools.org.uk/case-studies.html (Thanks to Mponda Campira to point us to this source!!!)

*** Online- Compilation of Open Source Business Models and Strategies: Research, Articles, and White Papers here....

*** IOSN FOSS4SME toolkit (wiki) including infos on

SME Guide Introduction
1. What's Free/Libre/Open Source Software?  / 2. Ten myths about free/libre open source software / 3. Basic FLOSS adoption models  / 4. Finding and selecting software / 5. Best practices for FLOSS adoption / 6. FLOSS-based business models

If it is not already happening, the world will be populated by lots of "Smaller [FLOSS-like] businesses. Each with fewer, happier clients. Less money". Read here....

http://fosstoolkit.iosnasean.net/index.php?title=Main_Page

*** Interesting source of video lectures (mostly US-universities) on entrepreneurship / FOSS (careful: licence is CC non-commercial!). http://academicearth.org/subjects/entrepreneurship/featured:ratings

*** The Emerging Economic Paradigm of Open Source (Article)

*** Perens, Bruse 2005: The Emerging Economic Paradigm of Open Source

This article explains Free and Open Source Software within the capitalistic/free market paradigm. Perens takes on the view that FOSS is a viable economic alternative for proprietary software. Not only for end-users, but also as a way for SMEs to make a profit. In an easy to understand way he explains the different business strategies a company can choose from. In the chapter 'Who contributes to open source, and how do they fund that?', Perens describes the main actors within the FOSS economy and explains the way they operate their businesses.


*** Seven Open Source Business Strategies

*** Koenig, John 2004: Open Source Business Strategies, Riseforth Inc.: Koenig describes strategies that companies choose to increase revenue. He explains these strategies with examples from big corporations for example: Amazon, Oracle, Google, Redhat and IBM. link to publication


*** SELF Coursebook: Introduction to Free Software

Self, 2008: Introduction to Free Software has been produced by self together with the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) with a number of recognised authors on the subjects of Free Software. The book provides an introduction to the inspiring world of Free Software, covering its main concepts, some of the most successful free software projects, the specifics of their development and the legal basis that free software licenses provide for the protection of users' freedoms. It also contains a large directory of glossary, bibliography and links to help the reader explore deeper into this field. link to publication

*** list of (mostly European) FOSS case studies:

http://www.eosdirectory.com/case_study
http://academicearth.org/lectures/the-dynamics-of-open-source-software

*** openbusiness - a community discussing all sorts of Open Business - "a particular way of doing business online, which includes giving away or making available some degree of content or services for free. The business value of these models lies in producing revenues through associated services or in an adding value to the free product or service." Available at

http://www.openbusiness.cc/

*** courses by UKs Open University on "The concept of innovation". Available at http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/course/view.php?id=2898

(cc non-commercial)

*** online syllabus on Open Source ERP hosted by wikiuniversity. Available at

http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Open_Source_ERP

*** The Open Source Business Resource (OSBR) is a free monthly publication of the Talent First Network. -" Your best resource for keeping up-to-date with the business of open source." http://www.osbr.ca/ojs/index.php/osbr

*** FOSSBaazar has a number of videos by excellent speakers on FOSS business 

*** Article on Open Source Versus Global financial crisis Open source finds its way into the U.S. stimulus bill -> http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7841486.stm / http://news.cnet.com/8301-13505_3-10164885-16.html

*** General Floss Concepts http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/FLOSS_Concept_Booklet

*** Learn linux fundamentals coursehttp://learnlinux.tsf.org.za/courses/web-fundamentals.html

*** Government as clients: http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/FOSS_Government_Policy

*** News and blogs on FLOSS, business and innovation:

*** See also the following parts of the trainig material ict@innovation: Free your IT Business in Africa! :

--> Module 1: Introduction to Emerging FOSS Business Models

and Module 5: FOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills

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3) Resources on FOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills

--> Module 5: FOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills and also Module 1: Introduction to Emerging FOSS Business Models

*** Francois Letellier's teaching materials for "FOSS Bridge Vietnam": High Level Training Material of FOSS Bridge EU-Vietnam covering key issues such as "Open Source Regulations, Licensing and Business Models, Open Source Development & European Best Practice as well as design of Training Activities".  © Francois Letellier 2008, published under Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License 2.0. For more information;

FLOSS Bridge website: http://FOSS-bridge.org/ , available 08.06.10.

*** What FLOSS bridge does and how companies can benefit from the project: http://www.it-inwent.org/e1834/e3110/e3111/NewsDetail3293/newsfile3295/Call-European-Companies_eng.pdf , available 08.06.10.

*** Samuelson, P. (2006). IBM's pragmatic embrace of open source. Communications of the ACM, Vol(49), Issue 10, pp: 21-25.

*** FLOSSImpact, (2006). http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ict/policy/doc/2006-11-20-flossimpact.pdf

*** Hawkins, R. E. (2004). The economics of open source software for a competitive firm. Netnomics, Vol(6), Issue 2, pp: 103-117.

*** G. Sigi (2005). Something for nothing: management rejection of open source software in Australia’s top firms. Journal of Information and Management, Vol. 42, pp: 669-681.

*** Sulayman K. Sowe, Ioannis Stamelos, Angelis Lefteris (2009). The Free and Open Source Software Development Landscape: Redefining the Database Industry. Journal of Information and Management, Elsevier, to appear

*** Sulayman K. Sowe. I. Stamelos (2008). Involving Software Engineering Students in Open Source Software Projects: Experiences from a Pilot Study, Journal of Information Systems Education (JISE), Vol. 18 (4), pp: 425-435.

*** Sanjiva Weerawarana and Jivaka Weeratunge, (2003). Open Source in Developing Countries. http://www.it-inwent.org/e2484/e3407/e3431/e3432/opensource_in_developing_countries_eng.pdf

***Jean-Eric Aubert, (2004). Promoting Innovation in developing countries: A conceptual framework. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/KFDLP/Resources/0-3097AubertPaper%5B1%5D.pdf

*** Michael Coté, James Governor, Stephen O'Grady, (2007). Open Source Strategies. The RedMonk Going Open Source Series, Part 2. Available at: http://redmonk.com/public/goingopensource/Open-Source-Strategies.pdf ; available 08.06.10.

*** See also the following parts of the trainig material ict@innovation: Free your IT Business in Africa! :

--> Module 1: Introduction to Emerging FOSS Business Models

and Module 5: FOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills

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